Applications of deep-learning based Histopathological Analysis to predict Cancer Biomarkers

Photo by Jeremy Thomas on Unsplash

Table of content


Nucleus Segmentation

Figure from [1], example of nucleus


More information in[1]

Data description

Evaluation and Metrics

Hand-crafted techniques


Illustration of U-Net semantic segmentation model[3]
Definition of the weight map
Modified training objective

Semantic segmentation for Instance segmentation(+boundary detection)

Ensembling Mask R-CNN and U-Net[4]

Results measured with IoU threshold = 0.7(oseg: over-segmented, useg: under-segmented)

Point-based Segmentation

Cancer classification

Breast Cancer Classification

Histopathologic types of breast cancer :

Grade classification(Proliferation score)

Cancer Grading: Mitosis Detection

Figure in [9]

TODO: Mitosis Detection Dataset

TUmor Proliferation Assessment Challenge[11]

Demonstration of “high cellularity”, [14]

Overview of submitted approaches

TODO: DeepMitosis[9], deep learning for mitosis detection…

Cancer Grading: Tubule formation

Cancer Grading: Nuclear pleomorphism

Cancer Staging

N: CAMELYON 17 Challenge[17]

Example of approaches to predict metastasis, widely adopted in the challenge



Immunotherapy(biological therapy)

Immune phenotypes

Cancer immunity cycle

Checkpoint inhibitor, PD-1/PD-L1

Predicting PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor prognosis by PD-L1 expression

TIL, T-cell adoptive transfer(TIL Therapy)

By Simon Caulton — Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,


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